Wednesday, June 4, 2008

Know Bharat

Bharat ko Jano, Bharat ke bano, Bharat ko Banao

India Is Cradle Of The Human Race, The Birthplace Of Human Speech, The Mother Of History, The Grand Mother Of Legends And Great Grand Mother Of Tradition.
Mark Twain....

Lord Swaraj Paul

Lord Swaraj Paul came to Britain for the treatment of his daughter, who later died of leukemia. He thought of retiring from active life. But then in a remarkable comeback, he created a steel manufacturing business. Today, his Caparo Group is Britain's largest family-owned company with a turn over of £400 million.

Dr Amar G Bose

founded the Bose Corporation in 1964, which produces some of the best audio systems used in the Broadway Theatres to NASA Space Shuttle and Olympic Stadiums to the Sistine Chapel in Rome.

Kalpana Chavda

A strong desire to travel beyond the blue yonder, to fly into the heavens and touch the stars some day... was all that Kalpana Chawla dreamt of. Determined to the core, Kalpana worked towards making her vision a reality. For this first female Indian-born NASA astronaut castles were not to be built on air but its foundation laid strong on earth

Deepak Chopra

For the past decade, Deepak Chopra has been at the forefront of a major trend in holistic healing. Since the early 1980's Chopra has successfully combined his impeccable credentials as a practicing endocrinologist with his exploration of mind/body medicine. By doing so, he has dramatically influenced many in traditional medical circles and helped bring the enormous benefits of holistic medicine to the general public's attention.

Ujjal Dosanjh

Winning a landmark election in Canada, Ujjal Dosanjh went from Attorney General to become British Columbia’s first Indian-born Premier. Not only does Dosanjh’s election signal a rising political force among the predominantly Sikh Indian community in this western province, but it also reflects a rapidly changing demography and liberalizing immigration

Indra Nooyi,

President, Chief Financial Officer and a member of the Board of Directors of PepsiCo Inc. is steadily rising from strength to strength. She has been ranked No.10 on Fortune magazine's annual survey of the 50 Most Powerful Women in Business. Of Nooyi, Fortune wrote: PepsiCo President and CFO Indra Nooyi (No.10) understands the urge to take bold action, but she also knows the necessity of holding back

Manoj Nelliyattu Shyamalan

Manoj Nelliyattu Shyamalan burst from obscurity to prove himself as an outstanding master of atmosphere, a riveting storyteller and one of the most compelling writer/directors around. He struck gold with his 1999 blockbuster 'The Sixth Sense', and became the highest-paid screenwriter in Hollywood when Disney gave him $5 million to write 'Signs' - just his sixth writing credit. Many of his films involve two ordinary individuals with extraordinary abilities or events happening to them.

Bharat what we know geographically today has been strongly united as one as
Hindus while bathing invite all the seven sacred rivers to join which is cleaer from this
        Gangech jamune chaiva godavari saraswati,
        narmde sindhu kaveri jalesminsannidhim kuru.This the strongest bond we have mentally, spiritually, emotionally, religiously.
Further to this in the definition of a Hindu this is mentioned
             Aasindhu  sindhu paryanta yashya Bharat  bhumika,
             Pitribhu punya bhush chaiva ya ve Hindu riti smritah.
                 The land between  river Sindhu and the ocean that is
Hindmahasagar is Bharat Bhumi and those who accept it as their fatherland and sacred land for pilgrimage are all Hindus [Hindus,
Jains, Buddhists, Sikhs, Vanvasis, Aryasamajis, followers of Isckon, Yogis and many Hindu sects.] What binds us is our religion that is Hinduism and its branches. We are the richest people today in spirituality, in culture.  We were rich before the Christians invaded us according to records our economy was much stronger until eighteenth century ,far better than Europe and America and hopefully we are going to be better than most this century for that we must eradicate  corruption and corrupt politicians.    There is ample evidence that common man woman and child were religious thought the history of Bart/ Hindustan/ India even according to evil
Englishman Lord McCauley.

On 12/29/05, chinthapantivishwanatham prasanna <> wrote:

*Aryabhatta (born at Kusumapura in 476 A.D. and died in 550 A.D.) was a well known Indian astronomer and mathematician. He adorned the court of Chandragupta Vikramaditya. He wrote a book on mathematics called Ayabhatiya in couplets.

*Bhaskara-II (known as Bhaskaracharya). He was born at Bidar in 1114 A.D. and died in 1185 A.D. He was considered to be the leading mathematician of 12th century. His famous mathematical works are Lilavati, Bijaganita, Siddhantasiromani and Karanakutuhala.

*Birbal Sahni (1891 - 1949) was India's famous palaeobotanist. He has been very famous for the studies of the Gondwana Flora and the problem of the age of the Saline Series of the salt range.

*Acharya P.C. Roy (1861 - 1944) was the founder of the Indian Chemical Society and the Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works Ltd. He was the author of Hindu Chemistry. His works on nitrates is well known.

*Dr. S. Bhagvantam worked with Sir C.V. Raman and made several significant contributions in radio astronomy and cosmic rays.

*Prof. Chandrasekhar, a nephew of Sir C.V. Raman, was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1983 for his outstanding researches in the field of astronomy. He is an Indian born scientist but he has acquired American citizenship since 1953.

*Dr. Vikram Sarabhai (born on August 12, 1919, At Ahmedabad and died on December 30, 1971) is well known in the field of cosmic rays. He gave new dimensions to India in the field of nuclear power and space programmes. Dr. Sarabhai was the brain behind the formation of the Physical Research Laboratory, virtually the cradle of Indian space programme. He was a big industrialist also. He was the recipient of the Bhatnagar Memorial Award and Padma Bhushan. His contributions as Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission are outstanding.

*Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose, born on November 30, 1858, and died on November 23, 1937, was the first person to put India on the science-map of the world by his inventions. He developed an instrument called crescograph to detect the minute responses of living organisms, especially plants. He showed that plants responded to light rays and wireless waves. He wrote two world-famous books: Response in the Living and Non-living (1902) and The Nervous Mechanism of Plants (1926).

*Dr. Raja Ramanna is well known all over the world as a nuclear physicist. He was associated with India's first nuclear blast at Pokhran on 18th May, 1974.

*Dr. P.K. Sent, a well known Indian surgeon, performed Asia's first heart transplantation operation in Bombay.

*Dr. Jagjit Singh is well known as India's popular science writer and a Kalinga Prize laureate.


Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha (born on October 30, 1909, in Bombay and died on January 24, 1966, in an air crash) was not only an eminent cosmic ray scientist, but also a skilled administrator. He did significant work in identifying the elementary particles called mesons. He was the first Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India. In his honour the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research was renamed as the Bhabha Institute of Fundamental Research. The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre has also been named after him.

*Meghnad Saha (born on October 6, 1893, at Dacca and died on February 16, 1956, in New Delhi) was known as Palit Prof. of Physics. He is well known for his researches in nuclear physics, cosmic rays and spectrum analysis. His theory of thermal ionization brought him world fame. History of Hindu Science is one of his famous publications.

*Prof. Sudarshan is famous for advancing the theory of particles - tachyons - which could be moving faster than light. Presently, he is the director of the Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Mandras.

*Dr. J.J. Rawal of the Nehru Planetarium, Bombay, recorded the four satellites, each 35520 Km, 57710 Km, 96130 Km and 71300 Km, away from the centre of Neptune.

*Dr. Shanti - Swarup Bhatnagar (born on February 21, 1984, at Bhera in Punjab and died on January 1, 1955) was the first Director-General of CSIR. His work on the magneto-chemistry is well known the world over. He became FRS in 1943. He opened a chain of National Research Laboratories in India. The S.S. Bhatanagar - Memorial Award was instituted in his honour in 1958. This award is given for the outstanding contributions in physics, chemistry and biology, engineering, medicine and mathematics to Indian scientists.

*Dr. Hargobind Khorana is a world-renowned biochemist. He was born on January 2, 1922, at Rajpur in Punjab (now in Pakistan). He developed the method of synthesis of DNA and RNA for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1968 in physiology and medicine along with M.W. Norenberg and R.W. Holley. He visited India in 1969. He was awarded Padma Bhushan. At present he is working in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

*Sir C.V. Raman (born on November 7, 1888, at Trichanopoly and died on November 21, 1970, at Bangalore) is well known for his discovery known as the 'Raman Effect'. He was awarded the Novel prize for physics in 1930 for this outstanding discovery. He was also the recipient of the Lenin Peace Prize of 1958. Besides the Raman Effect, he gave the theory of the blue colour of ocean and theory of musical instruments. He was the founder of the Raman Research Institute.

*Srinivasa Ramanujan (born on December 22, 1887, at Erode and died on April 26, 1920, at Kambakonam) was one of the greatest mathematicians of modern times. He made significant contributions to the theory of numbers, theory of partitions and theory of continued fractions.

*Satyendra Nath Bose is well known for the Bose-Einstein statistics. It is a new type of quantum statistics which was developed by him along with Albert Einstein. The particles which obey this statistics are called after him as Bosons. He was born in Calcutta on January 1, 1894. He was on of the outstanding scientists of India. In 1958 he became the Fellow of Royal Society, London. The same year he was awarded Padma Vibhushan and was declared a National Professor. He died on February 4, 1974, due to a heart attack.


Hinduism’s Contribution to Science: Did You Know?

World’s Oldest Civilization
Did you know that by 6000 B.C. Bharat (India) already had advanced townships with villages of mud-brick houses? By 3000 B.C. scientifically planned towns and buildings were part of the landscape. By that time a highly sophisticated urban civilization known as the Harappan flourished in the Indus Valley. About 300 settlements in a belt extending 1520 km from North to South covering a million square kilometers have been discovered, of which Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro, Kalibangan, and Lothal are important sites. The towns were designed with citadels and defensive walls and the streets and lanes had drains. Individual bathrooms and lavatories were impressively drained into a larger system. Well-developed docks and store houses as well as bullock carts for transportation were very popular. Thus, advanced technology, economic and defense systems, as well as public health were part of the Hindu culture when west was almost uncivilized.

Oldest Book
Did you know that the oldest book in the library of humans is the Rig Veda? The existence of the Vedas go beyond recorded history and are said to be passed down from the Gods to the great seers of Bharat. For many human generations the Vedas were passed on through word of mouth, until finally documented by the great Rishis and Swamis.

World's First University
Did you know that as early as 700 B.C., there existed a giant University at Takshashila, located in the northwest region of Bharat (India)? Not only Indians, but students from as far as Babylonia, Greece, Syria, Arabia and China came to study at Takshashila University. On the curriculum was 68 different subject matters including language, philosophy, medicine, politics, astronomy, astrology, commerce, music, dance, etc. The minimum entrance age was 16 and the student enrollment was 10,500. Thus, the concept of a full-fledged university was developed in Bharat.

Famous Nalanda University
Did you know that the University at Nalanda functioned from 500 to 1300 AD until destroyed by invaders? During the 800 years that the university was operational, it attained great fame. Its campus was one mile in length and a half-mile in width. It also had 300 lecture halls with stone benches for sitting; laboratories and other facilities were also available. For example, the university had a towering observatory called the Ambudharaavlehi for astronomical research. It has boasted a massive library called Dharma Gunj or Mountain of Knowledege that was set up in three buildings named Ratna Sagar, Ratnodavi and Ratnayanjak. The entrance examination was very difficult and the pass rate was 3 out of every 10 students. Despite this hurdle, the Chinese traveler, Hien Tsang wrote in his diary that 10,000 students and 200 professors were at Nalanda University.

Invention of Zero
Did you know that Hindus invented zero? The concept of zero is referred to as Shunya in the early Samskrit texts and it is also explained in the Pingala’s Chandah Sutra of the second century. In the Brahma Phuta Siddhanta of Brahmagupta (7th century AD), the zero is lucidly explained. The Hindu genius Bhaskaracharya proved that x divided by 0 = 4 (infinity) and that infinity however divided remains infinity. This concept was recognized in Hindu theology millennia earlier. The earliest recorded date for an inscription of zero (inscribed on a copper plate) was found in Gujarat (585 – 586 AD). Can you imagine today’s computers without the invention of zero?

Decimal System
Did you know that Hindus gave us the method of expressing numbers by means of a decimal system? The highest prefix used for raising 10 to a power in today’s math is D for 1030 (from Greek Deca). However, as early as 100 BC Hindu Mathematicians had exact names for figures up to 1053 (Tallakshana).

Invention of Geometry and Trigonometry
Did you know that Hindus invented Geometry and Trigonometry? The word geometry emerged from the Samskrit word Giamiti which means measuring the earth. The word trigonometry emerged from the Samskrit word Trikonamiti meaning measuring triangular forms. The concept of geometry emerged around 1000 BC in Bharat from the practice of making fire altars in geometric shapes. The treatise of Surya Siddhanta (4th century AD) describe in amazing detail the science of trigonometry. Trigonometry was introduced in Europe 1200 years later in the 16th century.

The Value of Pi
Did you know that the ratio of the circumference and the diameter of a circle known as Pi (a value of 3.141592657932…) was first calculated by Hindus? The Samskrit text, by the famous Hindu mathematician, Baudhayana in his Baudhayana Sutra of the 6th century BC mentions this ratio as approximately equal to 3. The Hindu mathematician, Aryabhatta, in 499 AD worked out the value of Pi to the fourth decimal place.

Bhaskaracharya’s Law of Gravity, Not Issac Newton
Did you know that the famous Hindu astronomer, Bhaskaracharya in his Surya Siddhanta wrote: "Objects fall on the earth due to a force of attraction by the earth. Therefore, the earth, planets, constellations, moon and sun are held in orbit due to this attraction." It was not until 1687, 1200 years later did Issac Newton rediscover the Law of Gravity.

Baudhayana’s Theorem, Not Pythagoras
Did you know that the so-called Pythagoras Theorem that the square of the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle equals to the sum of the square of the other two sides was documented by the famed Hindu mathematician Baudhayana in his 6th century BC treatise called Baudhayana Sulba Sutra? Baudhayana states: "The area produced by the diagonal of a rectangle is equal to the sum of area produced by it on two sides."

Did you know that the ancient Hindus had the most advanced system of Algebra? Encylopedias describe the algebra of Hindu mathematicians like Bhaskaracharya, Shridharacharya, Brahmagupta, and Aryabhatta as far more advanced than any during their times.

Earth is Round and Revolves Around the Sun
Did you know that one thousand years before Copernicus (1543) published his theory of the revolution of the earth, the famous Hindu mathematician, Aryabhatta in the 5th century clearly stated this fact: "Just as persons traveling on a boat feel that the trees on a bank are moving, people on earth feel that the sun is moving." In Aryabhatta’s treatise (Aryabhateean) on this subject matter he clearly states that the earth is round; it rotates on its axis, orbits the sun and is suspended in space. Aryabhatta, in his treatise also explained that lunar and solar eclipses occur by the interplay of the shadows of the sun, the moon and the earth.

Time Taken for Earth to Orbit Sun
Did you know that the famous Hindu mathematician, Bhaskaracharya, in his treatise Surya Siddhanta, calculated the time taken for the earth to orbit the sun to nine decimal places (365.258756484 days)? Today’s accepted measurement is 365.2564 days. Therefore, assuming that today’s figures are correct, it means that Bhaskaracharya was off by only 0.0002%.

Medicine and Surgery
Did you know that the Atharva Veda contains sections devoted to the science of medicine? The Atharva Veda gave birth to Ayur Veda, the traditional system of Hindu medicine and it was developed around 5000 years ago. This system of medicine is still widely used today in Bharat under the term Ayur Vedic Medicine.

Charaka – World’s First Physician
Did you know that a Hindu was the world’s first physician? The west is fond of proclaiming Hippocrates (460 – 377 BC) as the father of medicine, but way before him in 500 BC Maharishi Charaka wrote the famous Charaka Samhita or Physicians’ Handbook. The Charaka Samhita went into great detail to describe human anatomy, pathology, diagnostic procedures, and treatment for various diseases. Charaka defined eight major medical disciplines of Ayur Veda: Shailya Chikitsa (surgery), Shaalakya Chikitsa (head, eye, nose, throat), Kaaya Chikitsa (mental health), Kaumarbhrutya Chikitsa (pediatrics), Agada Tantra (toxicology), Rasaayana Tantra (Pharmacology), Vaajeekarna Tantra (reproductive medicine). Charaka also described the functions of the heart and the circulatory system in great detail. The Charaka Samhita was widely translated in various languages and Charaka was a respected medical authority in both the Arab and Roman empires.

Shushruta – World’s First Plastic Surgeon
Did you know that a Hindu was the world’s first plastic surgeon? Sushruta as early as 600 BC used cheek skin to perform plastic surgery to restore and reshape human nose, ears, and lips with incredible results. In his treatise, Shushruta Samhita, he classified surgery into eight types: aaharya (extracting solid bodies), bhedya (excision), eshya (probing), lekhya (sarification), vedhya (puncturing), visravya (extracting fluids), and sivya (suturing). Sushruta worked with 125 kinds of surgical instruments including scalpels, lancets, needles, catheters, etc. Such a genius was Sushruta that he even devised non-invasive surgical treatments with the aid of light rays and heat.

Oldest Language
Did you know that Samskrit is the world’s oldest systematic language? According to Forbes Magazine (1987), "Samskrit is the most convenient language for computer software programming."

Oldest Living Music
Did you know that the Hindu musical system of ragas codified in the Sama Veda is the oldest living music in the world? The slokas (hymns) of the Vedas are codified in meters and are recited with rich lyricism. Originating from the Sama Veda the different forms of Hindustani and Carnatic music are still immensely popular today.

First Poetry of the World
Did you know that the Ramayana is the first poetry of the world? It is a glorious Samskrit epic written by the Sage Valmiki. The Ramayana begins with the author, Sage Valmiki, asking Narada: "O Venerable Rishi, please tell me, is there a perfect man in this world who is virtuous, brave, dutiful, truthful, noble, kind to all beings, and adored by all?" Narada replies: "Rama." The Ramayana has 24,000 Samkskrit verses. It later translated by Kamban and Tulsi Das.

Longest Poetry of the World
Did you know that the Mahabarata is the longest poetry ever written? Its 100,000 verses encompass all facets of Dharma or human way of life. It narrates the story about the great Mahabarat War between the noble Pandavas and their evil cousins the Kauravas.

Kumbha Mela
Did you know that the Kumbha Mela, a sacred Hindu event which occurs in Bharata is the world’s largest human gathering? The 2001 Kumbha Mela attracted 70 million pilgrims. On one day alone, January 24, it attracted 30 million people. It is important to note that meat, eggs, and alcohol were strictly prohibited at the Mela site. The following infrastructure were built for the 2001 Kumbha Mela: 5,000 mostly temporary Ashrams, 1,090 fire hydrants, 20,000 street lights, 150 river patrol boats, 74 Swiss-cottage luxury tents, 20,000 public toilets, 60,000 bathing Ghats, 12 hospitals, 25 large pontoon bridges, and 35 electrical power centers. In addition, 20,000 policemen were on duty assigned to the Mela. In terms of food, 13,000 tons of flour (or eight chapattis per pilgrim), 7,800 tons of rice (enough for 62 million servings), and 5,000 tons of sugar.

Greatness of Bharat

5,000 year old ancient civilization
* 325 languages spoken – 1,652 dialects
* 18 official languages
* World’s largest democracy.
* Worlds 4th largest economy.
* World-class recognition in IT, bio-technology and space.
* Largest English speaking nation in the world.
* 3rd largest standing army force, over 1.5Million strong.
* 2nd largest pool of scientists and engineers in the World.
* Bharat Forge has the world's largest single-location forging facility, its clients include Honda, Toyota and Volvo amongst others.
* Hero Honda with 1.7M motorcycles a year is now the largest motorcycle manufacturer in the world.
* India is the 2nd largest tractor manufacturer in the world.
* India is the 5th largest commercial vehicle manufacturer in the world.
*; 80 of the World’s 117 SEI CMM Level-5 companies are based in India.
* World-renowned TQM expert Yasutoshi Washio predicts that Indian manufacturing quality will overtake that of Japan in 2013.
* 15 of the world's major Automobile makers are obtaining components from Indian companies.
* TATA Motors paid $ 118 million to buy Daewoo commercial vehicle Company of Korea.
* Ranbaxy, the largest Indian pharmaceutical company, gets 70% of its $1 billion revenue from overseas operations and 40% from USA.
* TATA Tea has bought Tetley of UK for £260M.
* India is one of the world's largest diamond cutting and polishing centres, its exports were worth $6 Billion in 1999.
* India is among six countries that launch satellites and do so even for Germany, Belgium, South Korea, Singapore and EU countries.
* India's INSAT is among the world's largest domestic satellite communication systems.
* India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) was indigenously manufactured with most of the components like motor cases, inter-stages, heat shield, cryogenic engine, electronic modules all manufactured by public and private Indian industry.
* Kalpana Chawla was one of the seven astronauts in the Columbia space shuttle when it disintegrated over Texas skies just 16 minutes before its scheduled landing on Feb 1st 2003, she was the second Indian in space.
* The prestigious UK automaker, MG Rover is marketing 100,000 Indica cars made by TATA in Europe, under its own name.
* The country's foreign exchange reserves stand at an all-time high of $120 Billion.
* India is among the 3 countries in the World that have built Supercomputers on their own. The other two countries being USA and Japan. India built its own Super computer after the USA denied India purchasing a Cray computer back in 1987.

* India’s new ‘PARAM Padma’ Terascale Supercomputer (1 Trillion processes per sec.) is also amongst only 4 nations in the world to have this capability.

* India is providing aid to 11 countries, writing-off their debt and loaning the IMF $300M.

Top 5 American employers in India:

General Electric : 17,800 employees
Hewlett-Packard : 11,000 employees
IBM : 6,000 employees
American Express : 4,000 employees
Dell : 3,800 employees

General Electric (GE) with $80 Million invested in India employs 16,000 staff, 1,600 R&D staff who are qualified with PhD’s and Master’s degrees.

The number of patents filed in USA by the Indian entities of some of the MNCs (up to September, 2002) are as follows: Texas Instruments - 225, Intel - 125, Cisco Systems - 120, IBM - 120, Phillips - 102, GE - 95.

Staff at the offices of Intel (India) has gone up from 10 to 1,000 in 4 years, and will reach 2000 staff by 2006.

GE's R&D centre in Bangalore is the company's largest research outfit outside the United States.


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