Tuesday, November 4, 2014

Samvad 1 November 2014



Samvad Kartik Shukla 9, Vik. Samvat 2071. Yugabda 5116: November 1, 2014


1. FESTIVALS: Dhanu Sankranti 

2.  1.6 LAKH SEVA PROJECTS RUN BY RSS

3. BHARAT LAUNCHES THIRD NAVIGATION SATELLITE

4. NANAJI BROUGHT INTEGRAL HUMANISM IN ACTION

5. BHARATIYAS CELEBRATE DESI FESTIVALS IN DENMARK

6.   MILLENNIUM ANNIVERSARY OF THE CORONATION OF CHOLA KING RAJENDRA  I

7. DUBAI-BASED BHARATIYA-ORIGIN EYE SURGEON HONOURED IN LONDON

8. STATE DEPARTMENT CELEBRATES DIWALI AS GLOBAL AFFAIR

9.  BHARAT TO BUILD 1800-KM HIGHWAY ALONG CHINA BORDER IN ARUNACHAL

10.  BHARAT IGNORES CHINA'S FROWN, OFFERS DEFENCE BOOST TO VIETNAM

11. MASSIVE RELIEF AND RESCUE OPERATION BY SWAYAMSEVAKS IN CYCLONE HIT AP

12.  RSS VOLUNTEERS CLEAN MOSQUE IN CYCLONE AFFECTED VISAKHAPATNAM

13.  WIDOWS PERFORM LAKSHMI PUJA AT KUDROLI TEMPLE

14. BHAGINI NIVEDITA SEWA NYAS DONATES RICKSHAWS TO PAK HINDUS

15.   MALAYSIAN HINDUS CALL TO SAVE CENTURY-OLD VIVEKANANDA ASHRAM

16. BHARATIYA ARMY'S EASTERN COMMAND TURNS 94

17. NATIONWIDE BLOOD DONATION CAMP OF VHP: 1 LAKH UNITS COLLECTED

18. BHARATIYA COP WINS UN'S   FEMALE PEACEKEEPER AWARD

19.  BHARAT - BORN SCIENTIST AWARDED WORLD FOOD PRIZE

20.  SHRI VISHWA NIKETAN: Pravas; Visitors

FOOD FOR THOUGHT

Article: RENDEZVOUS WITH A VISIONARY


1. FESTIVALS: Dhanu Sankranti is the sankranti (transmigration of sun from one rashi – constellation to another) related to Dhanu rashi and occurs on 16th December.

It is celebrated as Dhanu Yatra - a colourful festival related to Bhagwan Krishna's visit to Mathura,  at Bargarh, Odisha. Different acts of puranic descriptions are performed at specific locations and the spectators move from place to place with the action to follow the performance. During this festival the Bhagwan Krishna is offered sweetened rice flakes which are specially prepared in a Conical shape.

Dhanu is also name of the month in the Malayalam Calendar. Women celebrate Thiruvathira in this month. Thiruvathira is supposed to be the birthday of Bhagwan Shiva. Married women and girls do 'upavasa' (fasting) on that day, and sing and dance. Girls pray to Lord Shiva to get a good husband while married women pray for the longevity of their husbands. -- Go Top

 

2.  1.6 LAKH SEVA PROJECTS RUN BY RSS: "Seva – Service is an integral part of sangh work and it was natural that sangh workers came forward to help fllod affected people in Jammu and Kasmir" said RSS sarkaryavaha Bhayya ji Joshi at the press meet on 20th October at Lucknow where a 3-day meeting of its Akhil Bharatiya Karyakari mandal was held. He added that over 1.6 lakh service projects are being run by swayamsevaks all over the country in rural, tribal and urban slum areas. Replying to a question on the issue of Ram mandir, he said, "Ram Temple exists in Ayodhya and people worship there daily. The only issue is to make it a grand temple. As the matter is in the Supreme Court, hence, the Centre should try to remove the hurdle and fulfil the promise made to the people during the elections," He claimed that more than 1.25 lakh youth have joined the organisation last year.  -- Go Top

 

3. BHARAT LAUNCHES THIRD NAVIGATION SATELLITE: Bharat's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C26) lifted off with aplomb from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota at 1.32 a.m. on 16th October and precisely put the Bharatiya navigation satellite, IRNSS-1C into its perfect, pre-designated orbit. This was the 28th successful launch of the Indian Space Research Organisation.

The IRNSS-1C, the third of the seven navigation satellites in the Indian Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), has wide-ranging applications in terrestrial, aerial and marine navigation. From vehicle tracking to fleet management and from disaster management to mapping, the satellite extends services to its clients.

The IRNSS-C1 carried two types of payloads, one for transmitting navigation service signals to the users and another consisting of a C-band transponder to facilitate Cube Retro Reflectors for laser ranging.

The first two satellites in the series, IRNSS 1A and IRNSS 1B were launched from Sriharikota on July 1 2013 and April 4 this year respectively.  -- Go Top

 

4. NANAJI BROUGHT INTEGRAL HUMANISM IN ACTION:  "Nanaji's thinking was out of box, he always tried to do something extra, beyond his given responsibility. Whatever he did he did with some value addition. He always insisted on 'self-sufficiency' approach. Optimum utilisation of local resources was the basis of his vision. He perfectly blended universal science with local technologies," said Prime Minister Narendra Modi while releasing a book on Nanaji Deshmukh in New Delhi on October 11, the 98th birth anniversary of Nanaji.

RSS Sahsarkaryavah Shri Dattatreya Hosabale, veteran Sangh Pracharak Shri Madan Das, DRI president Shri Virendrajeet Singh and general secretary of DRI Shri Bharat Pathak also shared the dais. Many distinguished personalities including RSS Sarkaryavah Shri Bhaiyaji Joshi, former deputy Prime Minister Shri LK Advani, Governor of Guajrat Prof. Omprakash Kohli, etc were present at the jam-packed Vigyan Bhavan.

Speaking on the occasion Dattatreya Hosabale said, Nanaji brought 'Integral Humanism' propounded by Deendayalji in action. "When people are looking for models of development on Bharatiya values the one created by Nanaji are the living examples.   -- Go Top

 

5. BHARATIYAS CELEBRATE DESI FESTIVALS IN DENMARK: Vijayadashmi was celebrated by Bharatiyas in Copenhagen on September 28 in a traditional way, thanks to the efforts put in by members of Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh (HSS)-Denmark. The most interesting part of these celebrations was the play: Ramleela. Done with very few props, the characters were able to convey Lord Rama's story to the audience.

"The programme was designed for all age groups and involved a drawing contest based on Ramayana characters and a discussion on the main characters of Ramayana. There were 15 people in the play and we spent more than four weekends preparing for it," said Hemant Dubey, one of the active members of HSS-Denmark.

Dattatreya Hosabale, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh's joint general secretary, had travelled to Copenhagen from Bharat to attend the Vijayadashmi celebrations. "He spoke on the significance of Vijayadashmi as well as key learnings from Ramayana for an hour, before ending it with a moral for the children. 

Apart from this event, many other events were also organized by different Bharatiya communities. Bharatiya Mandir in Copenhagen organised Ravana Dahan, where a small effigy of Ravana was burnt to ashes. The Gujarati community played Garba at another event on September 27. The Bengalis organised Durga Puja on a grand scale. On October 4, the newly formed Telangana Association of Denmark also celebrated Dasara and Telangana state's biggest festival, Bathukamma.   -- Go Top 

 

6.   MILLENNIUM ANNIVERSARY OF THE CORONATION OF CHOLA KING RAJENDRA  I:

The 1000th year of coronation of renowned King Rajendra I of the famous Chola Dynasty of Bharat is a matter of great pride and inspiration to all of us. Crowned in 10I4 CE, King Rajendra I had his rule extending not only from the banks of river Ganga to the whole of Southern Bharat but also up-to Sri Lanka, Lakshadweep, Maldives, Myanmar, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. By virtue of his well managed administration and a well organized military, trade, commerce, art, culture, architecture and sculpture flourished under his reign in this entire region.

Literature and pursuit of knowledge also flourished in his times and several books and volumes were written, both in Sanskrit and Tamil. During his rule, several grand temples and Stupas were constructed in Bharat, Sri Lanka and South East Asia which stand testimony to our living cultural heritage. It is testified from his Charter comprising 21 Copper Inscriptions with his royal insignia written in both Sanskrit and Tamil and paying obeisance at the very beginning to Lord Vishnu which are kept by Leiden University of Netherlands.

At the time of Mahmud Ghazni's attack on our north-western frontier and the turmoil of Euro-Arab conflict, King Rajendra I provided stable rule to ensure peace, prosperity and unhindered trade in the entire South East Asian Region to Bharatiyas, especially Tamil traders and their trade associations. He also established diplomatic Mission in China to promote trade.

He also set up a University for study of Vedas and other disciplines at Ennayirum. Besides ensuring political stability, in order to promote cultural unity and emotional integrity he sent his General Aryan Rajrajan to bring holy water of Ganga, ceremonially received it, mixed it with Kaveri waters and built a grand lake due to which he came to be known as  Gangai Konda Cholan  [i.e. Chola who brought Ganga].

Remembering such glorious period of our history will be inspirational to the people in the work for national resurgence. All the people of Bharat including Swyamasevaks are called upon to remind Bharat and the world about the achievement of the Chola king Rajendra for providing benign rule with all round progress in such a vast area and to ensure their support as well as participation in all the events related to this incidence.

(Statement by RSS sarkaryavaha Bhayya ji Joshi on the eve of meeting of  ABKM at Lucknow )  -- Go Top

 

7. DUBAI-BASED BHARATIYA-ORIGIN EYE SURGEON HONOURED IN LONDON: Dr. Vinod Gauba, Dubai-based Bharatiya-origin doctor has been conferred the prestigious Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Samman for his contributions to healthcare. Dr. Gauba, 36, who has worked with the less fortunate and visually impaired, was presented with the award earlier this month by Baroness Verma at the House of Lords in London. He was awarded for his pioneering role in the field of ophthalmology.

 'Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Samman' is presented to 20 recipients selected from over 30 million Non-Resident Indians or people of Indian origin for exceptional achievements in various fields.

"With Dubai fast becoming the Middle Eastern healthcare hub, we are proud to possess a premier level of expertise and technology in the UAE, attracting patients not only from the region but from all across the globe," Gauba said. He is based at Dubai Healthcare City, a multi-specialty surgery centre for providing specialized eye care.  -- Go Top

 

8. STATE DEPARTMENT CELEBRATES DIWALI AS GLOBAL AFFAIR: Bharatiya tapestries, silver lamps, and traditional delicacies adorned the Benjamin Franklin State Dining Room as Secretary John Kerry inaugurated the U.S. Department of State's annual Diwali celebration. He lit a diya while a Hindu priest from the Sri Shiva Vishnu Temple (SSVT) of Maryland sang Vedic hymns amidst hundreds of well-wishers, including senior administration officials, Ambassadors, and community leaders. "As we celebrate Diwali this evening, we also hail the accomplishments of the many hundreds of thousands of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, and Jain Americans who live now all across our country in every community," said Secretary Kerry. "And we honor their faith and their traditions, and the indispensable contributions that they make every single day to our prosperity, to our freedom, and to our culture - to this new chapter of American history that they are helping to write." Kerry was joined on stage by Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, Ambassador of Bharat, who highlighted the joyous festivities taking place around the world.

On 20th October 2014, Prime Minister David Cameron warmly welcomed British Hindu community leaders and sevaks to his residence at 10 Downing Street, with the blessing "Shubh Diwali".  At the annual Downing Street Diwali celebration, he spoke of the valuable contribution of the British Hindu community to British life, in terms of the four purusharthas (human purposes) and he spoke of the vital contribution that the Hindu philosophy of reverence for Light, encapsulated in the Diwali celebrations, had for all people of all faiths and he wished the British Hindu community prosperity and happiness.  -- Go Top

 

9.  BHARAT TO BUILD 1800-KM HIGHWAY ALONG CHINA BORDER IN ARUNACHAL: To counter China, Bharat is all set to embark on an ambitious road project along the McMahon Line in Arunachal Pradesh. The proposed Indo-China frontier highway  will run parallel along the China border and will be 1,800 km long.

The proposed highway will pass through Tawang, East Kameng, Upper Subansiri, West Siang, Upper Siang, Dibang Valley, Hawai and Vijaynagar in the bordering areas. The Government has already relaxed environmental clearances for border area projects. " The construction of the road will be a huge challenge considering the rough and hostile terrain, mostly snow-fed, through which it would pass, and will be the biggest single infrastructure project in the history of Bharat with an estimated cost of over Rs 40,000 crore," Rijiju said in Itanagar.  -- Go Top

 

10.  BHARAT IGNORES CHINA'S FROWN, OFFERS DEFENCE BOOST TO VIETNAM: Bharat took a decisive step towards countering China's assertive poweron 28th October by committing to help Vietnam's defence modernization, a move that will resonate unpleasantly in Beijing.

After his meeting with visiting Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, Bharatiya PM Narendra Modi said , "Our defence cooperation with Vietnam is among our most important ones. India  remains committed to the modernization of Vietnam's defence and security forces. This will include expansion of our training programme, which is already very substantial, joint-exercises and cooperation in defence equipment. We will quickly operationalise the $100 million line of credit that will enable Vietnam acquire new naval vessels from India."

For the first time, Bharat sent clear signals that it may be willing to sell the Brahmos short range cruise missiles to Vietnam, a long-standing demand by Hanoi. The previous Bharatiya government was a little hesitant, citing reservations by Russia (which is a co-developer).  -- Go Top

 

11. MASSIVE RELIEF AND RESCUE OPERATION BY SWAYAMSEVAKS IN CYCLONE HIT AP: The cyclone Hudhud severely hit three districts of Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and Srikakulam. Although, the north-east monsoon affects every year the coastal areas of Bay of Bengal during October-November, this year the devastation is huge. Visakhapatnam is the worst hit city.

RSS swayamsevaks started relief and rescue operation on October 12 itself by cutting the trees fallen across the streets and clearing the garbage to facilitate the movement of people and the vehicles. RSS with its several associated organisations like Jana Samkshema Samithi, Sewa Bharati, ABVP, Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram, Vishwa Hindu Parishad, Bharatiya Vidya Kendram Educational institutions, etc, plunged into service activities from the moment they could came out of their houses.

BVK College became the centre of activity for receiving the material and disbursing to several destinations. Nearly 1,000 volunteers were engaged in the 24 hours run activity. More than one lakh water packets, 25,000 milk packets, several packets of food, bread and biscuits had been distributed in nearly 50 localities far and near in the city. Similar supplies were sent to villages of the district including the coastal fishermen villages. Several dignitaries like Minister Shri Ravella Kishore Babu, Shri Manikyala Rao, Sri Vishnu Kumar Raju MLA, Dr K Hari Babu MP, RDO and others visited the affected areas.   -- Go Top     

 

12.  RSS VOLUNTEERS CLEAN MOSQUE IN CYCLONE AFFECTED VISAKHAPATNAM: Volunteers of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) cleaned mosques in Visakhapatnam, after cyclone Hudhud left behind a trail of destruction when it hit the region last week.

Coordinator of Visakhapatnam region of RSS, Ram Bahadur, said that the political leaders in the country had created a wrong perception that RSS is against Muslims and Christians.

The volunteers were seen using electric saws to cut trees that were fallen inside the mosque complex. They were also cleaning the floors and removing broken glasses that were scattered everywhere. A volunteer of RSS, Kurmit Kaur, said they were merely being human.  -- Go Top

 

13.  WIDOWS PERFORM LAKSHMI PUJA AT KUDROLI TEMPLE: A large number of widows were allowed on 22nd October to perform Lakshmi Pooja (workship) on the occasion of Deepavali in the Kudroli Sri Gokarnanatheshwara Temple – established in the city by social reformer Narayana Guru and renovated by Senior Congress Leader B. Janardhana Poojary. Allowing widows to do the pooja is among a string of measures taken by the temple aimed at social reformation. The temple has, earlier appointed widows, a couple of them from Dalit communities, as priests.

Around 2,000 widows from Mangalore and other parts of the state participated in the programme. They were brought into the temple in a procession accompanied by beating of drums and other musical instruments.

Indira, Lakshmi and Chandravati, the three priests at the temple, performed Lakshmi Pooja that was witnessed by the large number of widows gathered in the temple. After the pooja, widows were allowed to perform 'Aarati'. The women priests sat along with idols of presiding deity on the silver chariot that was taken around sanctum sactorum by these women three times.

This is not the first time widows have been involved in the rituals. The temple believes in "One caste one religion one god" philosophy advocated by Narayana Guru. Three years ago a large number of widows performed Chandika Homa and poojas of Nava Durga idols during the Navaratri.  -- Go Top

 

14. BHAGINI NIVEDITA SEWA NYAS DONATES RICKSHAWS TO PAK HINDUS: Bhagini Nivedita Sewa Nyas Delhi, on 11th October provided cycle rickshaws and other basic necessary things to the Hindus who came from Pakistan. Apart from it, 25 families who came recently from Pakistan were provided with various household things like clothes, mattress, etc. Speaking on the occasion, general secretary of the Nyas Shri Mahavir Prasad Gupta assured the Hindus coming from Pakistan every possible help till they are granted citizenship in Bharat. He also applauded the support of Vishwa Hindu Parishad, Bharat Vikas Parishad and many other organisations which have been helping the Nyas in this endeavour.  -- Go Top

 

15.   MALAYSIAN HINDUS CALL TO SAVE CENTURY-OLD VIVEKANANDA ASHRAM: An organization of Hindus in Malaysia Hindraf recently urged the National Heritage Department of Malaysian Government to take immediate steps to protect the Swami Vivekananda Ashram at Jalan Tun Sambanthan, in Brickfields.

The century-old ashram has been earmarked for major redevelopment that will see a 23-storey residential tower with 264 units and an eight-storey car park built at the site. "Hindraf strongly urge the National Heritage Department steps in to object on the proposed development to protect and preserve this cultural heritage as part of the rich Malaysian heritage," said its chief P. Waytha Moorthy.

The statue and the ashram were built by the Jaffna Tamil immigrants in 1904 in honour of Swami Vivekananda, who visited Malaya in 1893.  -- Go Top

 

16. BHARATIYA ARMY'S EASTERN COMMAND TURNS 94: Army's biggest operational command - the Eastern Command - responsible for military operations along the international borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar and Nepal, turned 94 on 31st Oct.

The Eastern Command will continue to strive for "unparalleled professional competence to ensure the highest standards of operational readiness", Lt. Gen. M.M.S. Rai, general officer commanding-in-chief, said on the occasion at its headquarters at Fort William Kolkata.

The Eastern Command was formed Nov 1, 1920, with its summer headquarters in Nainital and winter headquarters in Lucknow. The command was designated as Eastern Army in April 1942, and its headquarters moved to Barrackpore. The Eastern Command theatre consists of three distinct geographical regions - the mountainous sectors of Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh in the north, the jungle-clad hill tracts of Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya in the east and the south, and the plains of Assam and Bengal.

Field Marshal S.H.F.J. Manekshaw, who led the Bharatiya Army to victory in 1971 was one of Eastern Command's illustrious commanders. Besides the current army chief, Gen. Dalbir Singh and his predecessors Gen. Bikram Singh and Gen. V.K. Singh, others who have headed the Eastern Command are Gen. P.P. Kumaramanglam, Gen. A.S. Vaidya Gen. V.N. Sharma, all of whom rose to army chief.  -- Go Top

 

17. NATIONWIDE BLOOD DONATION CAMP OF VHP: 1 LAKH UNITS COLLECTED: In an overwhelming response to nationwide blood donation camp of VHP on 2nd November , thousands of youth donated blood across Bharat, crossing a collection of a total of 100,000 units of blood across the nation. The blood donation drive was organised by VHP and its youth wing Bajarangadal to commemorate the Golden Jubilee year of Vishwa Hindu Parishad.

VHP Chief Dr Pravin Togadia inaugurated VHP blood donation drive at Karolbagh of New Delhi. 'In Karnataka 62 blood donation camps were held in which nearly 6000 units of blood collected', said VHP leader Gopal Nagarakatte.  -- Go Top

 

18. BHARATIYA COP WINS UN'S   FEMALE PEACEKEEPER AWARD: A Bharatiya police inspector has been named recipient of a prestigious international female peacekeeper award by the UN's police division for her "exceptional achievements" in her duty with the UN mission in Afghanistan.  

Inspector Shakti Devi of the Jammu & Kashmir Police, currently deployed in the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), has been awarded the International Female Police Peacekeeper Award 2014. 

Devi has been honoured for her "exceptional achievements" in leading the establishment of Women Police Councils in several parts of Afghanistan. She has also contributed to the improvement of the status of female police and has effectively helped the police of Afghanistan move towards achieving their goals of fully adopting democratic principles of policing. 

The award was delivered during the International Association of Women Police (IAWP) conference held earlier this month in Winnipeg, Canada.  -- Go Top

 

19.  BHARAT - BORN SCIENTIST AWARDED WORLD FOOD PRIZE:  Bharat -born Mexican scientist Sanjaya Rajaram has been presented with the prestigious World Food Prize 2014 for his agricultural research that led to a remarkable increase in world wheat production building on the successes of the Green Revolution. "It is a collective achievement, rather than that of a single person," Rajaram told while accepting the award at the Iowa State University in USA. The award "honours the innovative spirit of farmers", he said adding that "without their contributions, my research wouldn't have been possible".

By crossing winter and spring wheat varieties -- which were distinct gene pools that had been isolated from one another for hundreds of years -- he created wheat varieties that are disease- and stress-resistant and adaptable to diverse geographical regions and climates. In 2007, Norman Borlaug called Rajaram "the greatest present-day wheat scientist in the world". Borlaug is known as the father of the Green Revolution.  -- Go Top

 

20.  SHRI VISHWA NIKETAN: Pravas: Shri Ravikumar, sah samyojak Vishwa Vibhag, is on a tour to Australia. Shyam Parande, secretary Sewa International is on a short tour to Mauritius. Shri Saumitra Gokhale, samyojak Vishwa Vibhag, Dr. Ram Vaidya, sah samyojak & Ravikumar would reach Bharat on the occasion of World Hindu Congress in November. Visitors: Vikram Sharma – USANicola Brown – UK  -- Go Top

 

FOOD FOR THOUGHT: Sandalwood perfumes even the axe that hurls it down! The more we rub sandalwood against a stone, the more its fragrance spreads. Burn it, and it wafts its glory through the entire neighbourhood. Such is the enchanting beauty of forgiveness in life. – Swami Chinmayananda  -- Go Top

JAI SHREE RAM


---

RENDEZVOUS WITH A VISIONARY

Asim Kumar Mitra

I just cannot remember the day. But I can definitely recall that on that day Eknathji (Shri Eknath Ranade) was coming to Kolkata from Chennai by a morning flight. I went to the airport to receive him. We were heading towards Vivekananda Kendra Karyalaya. All of a sudden Eknathji asked me, "What do you think? What should I do now?"

So sudden was the question, I was taken aback. If a giant personality like Eknathji asks such a question to a most junior worker like me what should I say? I had no answer for a moment. Then I thought when Eknathji was assigned the work of Vivekananda Memorial, he was Sarkaryavah of RSS and as a Sangh swayamsevak we have been missing him. So much so, the time before the country (1971 or 1972) was also bad so I said we hardly can afford to miss you any more from the Sangh work.

It was my honest and spontaneous reply. As a seasoned 'karyakarta', Eknathji immediately read my mind and started explaining the situation. By that time the first phase of the work of Vivekananda Memorial work was over and the then President of India VV Giri had inaugurated the grand memorial of Swami Vivekananda. In a way, the job assigned by Shri Guruji to Eknathi was successfully done. Now, puting forward a question to one and all of his acquaintances was obvious. What is the purpose of setting up of a temple? Should it not become a centre of activities to fulfill the ideal of 'Serve people, serve God'?

Answer was there in the question itself. But a junior person like me failed to understand that. Because my mind was swayed by the idea that RSS is doing this job. The idea of comprehensive upliftment of the society is very much there in the fabric of RSS ideology and its work. Why then a separate organisation is at all necessary? Then Eknathji went on at length to give me a piece of his mind. I was not quite convinced. Confusion about this was prevailed in my mind for quite some time. Then I had gone through a report of Eknathji's lecture on this very subject at Bangalore and I was totally convinced by listening his point of view. Let me quote some portions of that lecture. He said:

"Some people ask, 'Could this stone-structure alone be a fitting memorial to that great patriot saint?' To them I may humbly say that I myself have never been much of a believer in merely putting stone upon stone. The real urge in the Committee workers, including me, to work out the present memorial-plan springs forth from their faith and confidence that this granite structure would not only be an abiding source of great inspiration to posterity, but should also provide a nucleus a round which, over a period, great activities which the Swamiji preached and envisaged would spring up.

"Kanyakumari is a place, which may be considered as great symbol of purity and unity. It is a meeting point of three oceans. If the Sangam at Prayag is sacred because of the mingling of the holy waters of the three sacred rivers, this holy spot is a Mahasangam where the waters of the Ganga and Sindhu, Narmada and Goda, Krishna and Kaveri ultimately meet in the form of those three oceans the Gangasagar, the Sindhusagar and Hindu Mahasagar.

The place is, in a way, a meeting point of the East and the West also Standing at the topering end of our country, at Kanyakumari we can notice the disc of the sun rising from the sea in the East and taking a dip in the sea in the West."

"It is again the meeting point of the North and the South. The Goddess Kanya stands there at the southern most tip of our land, with a garland in Her hand to meet Her Lord, Shiva, whose abode is in Kailash, in the regions of the northernmost Himalayas.

"What a unique symbol of unity and purity! I have faith and confidence that the great memorial that is taking shape at that holy spot will, in times to come, generate a powerful current of Swamiji's thought and will envelop the entire country."

This lecture of Eknathji led me to understand him from altogether a different angle. His vision was so clear at the same time so down to earth as people of Bharat were eager to accept without any hesitation and time has proved its perfectibility. I was associated with the construction of the Vivekananda Rock Memorial at the very initial stage i.e. from 1963 to 1970. I visited Kanyakumari in the year 1963 as Eknathji wanted me to go there to get first hand experience.

Eknathji used to tell one thing that the idea of setting up of a memorial for Vivekananda would be successful only when mass participation in the construction work was assured. He said, through one-rupee coupons money should be collected so that even a poor man could participate in this Mahayajna. Mrs. Kamal Basu, wife of late Jyoti Basu, former Marxist chief minister of West Bengal, collected more that eleven thousand rupees by selling One-Rupee Coupons and deposited them to Vivekananda Rock Memorial Fund.

Eknathji was a perfectionist. When the question of constructing the bronze statue came he had engaged almost all the famous and renowned sculptors of the country. While engaging them he did not give any undertaking as to whose sculpture would be set up at the memorial temple on the rock. He only said the committee which was assigned to do this work selects the statue to be set up there at the Shilamandir. In Calcutta, he engaged Shri Debi Prasad Roychoudhury who was world famous sculptor and whose sculptures of Gandhiji or Freedom Movement of India were set up there in Calcutta, Delhi, Patna and many other places. Eknathji asked me to regularly visit the house of Shri Roychoudhury to watch the progress of the work and report it to Eknathji. Whenever I went to his house, Shri Rouchoudhury used tell me, "It was a mystery that I had accepted the proposal put forward to me by Eknathji. You know this proposal itself was derogatory for me as it had put me on the same rank of other general sculptors, which I was not. But Shri Ranade must have some kind of spiritual power by which he influenced me." The fact remained that the statue made by him was not put up at the Shilamandir at Kanyakumari. But it was placed somewhere else and in that case Eknathji abided by the condition of contract rules.

Eknathji had faced two almost insurmountable hurdles. Those hurdles were put up by (1) Prof. Humayun Kabir, Central Cultural Affairs minister and (2) Shri Bhaktavatsalam, the then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. Both were very tough personalities. How Eknathji managed those two guys is an interesting history. Recently, some 4/5 months back at a meeting held at Chhatubabur Rsjbati, retired Justice Shyamal Sen of Calcutta High Court, while mentioning the role of Chpalakanta Bhattacharya, former editor of 'Ananda Bazar Patrika' and Congress MP said Chapalababu was of great help to Shri Eknath Ranade in collecting signatures of Members of Parliament in support of constructing the grand temple of Swami Vivekananda at the rock at Kanyakumari. Eknathji was in Calcutta at that time to organise opposition against the comment of Humayun Kabir as "temple on the Rock would spoil the scenic beauty".

Swami Sambuddhananda was the General Secretary of Ramakrishna Mission at that time. He asked Debu Maharaj who was looking after the press section of the Mission to accompany with Eknathji and help him out in this campaign. The Press of Calcutta had given all out support to the cause of Vivekananda Temple at Kanyakumari.

In Calcutta the sentiment about Swami Vivekananda was tremendous. But the work started by the Vivekananda Rock Memorial at Kanyakumari under the leadership of Shri Eknathji was unknown to them. At the same time Eknathji himself was also not so much acquainted with the prominent personalities of Bengal. Hence he chalked out a unique programme of writing personal letters to all those important personalities regularly apprising them of progress of the work at Kanyakumari.

Apart from this, every time he came to Calcutta he used to meet the chief minister, Mayor of Calcutta, sometimes the Governor of Bengal and the leaders of different political parties and social organizations. Personalities like the great historian Dr. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar, Speaker of state assembly Keshav Chandra Basu, Principal Dr. Amiya Kumar Majumdar, Bharat Maharaj of Belur Math and several other Swamijis of Ramakrishna Mission etc. Before his visit to Calcutta, every time he used to write letters to all those expressing his desire to meet them.

I know these things because as Calcutta Representative Eknathji used to keep me informed by sending copies of those letters to me. I am fortunate enough to get to work with such a visionary as a representative in Kolkata.

(This year is the birth centenary of Eknathji Ranade. The writer is Kolkata based senior journalist)  -- Go Top


 




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Monday, October 27, 2014

Fwd: FW: Hindi Bhashya from M G Vaidya





 

 

 

बच्चों की शिक्षा और परिवार

 बच्चों की शिक्षा का प्रारंभ उनके परिवार से ही होना चाहिये। इस के लिये माता का बडा महत्त्व है। वीर अभिमन्यू जब अपनी माँ के गर्भ में थातभी उसने भगवान् श्रीकृष्ण से चक्रव्यूह का भेद करने की कला सीख ली थी। इस प्रसंग को कपोलकल्पित समझकर उस पर अविश्‍वास करना योग्य नहीं। नया विज्ञान भी कहता है कि गर्भ पाँच महिनों का होने पर भ्रूण को संवेदना प्राप्त होती हैं। अनेक शिक्षित महिला डॉक्टर गर्भसंस्कार केंद्र चलाते हैं। गर्भवती स्त्री के वाचन काव्यवहारों का तथा संस्कारों का भी परिणाम भ्रूणपर होता है।

 माता का सान्निध्य

मेरी दृष्टि से बच्चों की आयु के छ: वर्ष पूर्ण होने तकउन्होंने अपनी माता के साथ ही रहना चाहिये। मैं प्राथमिक वर्गों के पूर्वशिक्षा देने वाली व्यवस्था से अनुकूल नहीं हूँ। आज शिक्षित महिलाएं नौकरी करती हैं। डेढ-दो साल के बच्चों को एक तो नौकरानी के हाथ सौंपती हैं,या पालनाघर में भेजती हैं। और तीन साल पूरे होते ही उसे स्कूल भेजती हैं। यह पद्धति संस्कारों की दृष्टि से ठीक नहीं है। आखिर शिक्षा का उद्देश्य क्या है। पैसे कमाने की कला सिखाना यह शिक्षा का उद्देश्य नहीं हो सकता। शिक्षा के कारण व्यक्तिसमाज का अच्छाशीलवान्,सभ्य नागरिक बनेयही शिक्षा का सही उद्दिष्ट है। और जिस वातावरण मेंवह संस्कारक्षम अवस्था में रहता हैउस वातावरण का बडा महत्त्व है। ऐसा वातावरण परिवार में ही निर्माण करना सुलभ है। 

एक प्रयोग

बच्चों को अच्छे संस्कार प्राप्त हो इस लिये गर्भवती ने भी अच्छी किताबे पढनी चाहिये। हमने अठरा वर्षों तक अपने घर में चातुर्मास में प्रतिदिन रात को 9 से 10 बज तक अच्छे किताबों के सामूहिक वाचन का कार्यक्रम चलाया था। छोटे से छोटे बच्चों से लेकरघर के सब लोग उस में शामिल हो यह नियम था। अडोस-पडोस के कुछ परिवार भी आते थे। अच्छे विचारों का आप ही आप प्रक्षेपण होता था। इस के सुफल हमने देखे हैं। हर घर में इस प्रकार अपने परिवारजनों के लियेवर्ष में कुछ समय तक यह सामूहिक वाचन का प्रयोग हो। परिवारजनों के ज्ञान की भी वृद्धि होगी और संस्कार भी होंगे। संस्कार का अर्थ अच्छा होना। जैसा है वैसा रहना यह प्रकृति है। पशु प्रकृति से ही चलते हैं। किन्तु मानव संस्कृति-सम्पन्न हो सकता है। इस हेतु संस्कारों का विशेष महत्त्व है। संस्कार यानी वे उपाय हैं जिनसे मनुष्य शीलवान्बलवान्विजिगीषु और देशाभिमानी बन सकता है। ऐसे मनुष्य ही अपने समाज का गौरव बढा सकते है।

 नौकरी का सवाल

कोई सवाल करेगा कि क्या महिलाओं ने नौकरी नहीं करनी चाहिये। मैं कहूँगा कि अवश्य करें। किन्तु छोटे से छोटा बच्चा छ: वर्षों का होने के बाद। अच्छे परिवारों में महिलाओं के नौकरी की आर्थिक दृष्टि से आवश्यकता भी रहती नहीं। शिक्षित होने पर नौकरी करनीही चाहिये यह कौनसी रीत है। महिलाएं निजी व्यवसाय भी कर सकती हैं। ट्यूशन क्लासेस भी चला सकती हैं। आयु की जिस अवस्था में बच्चा अच्छे संस्कार ग्रहण कर सकता हैउस अवस्था में संस्कार देने की व्यवस्था होयह मेरे प्रतिपादन का मतलब है। 

परीक्षा की व्यवस्था

बच्चों को शिक्षा ग्रहण करने का अधिकार होयह बात अब सर्वमान्य हो गयी है। वह ठीक ही है। किन्तु छ: वर्षों का होने के बाद ही वह पाठशाला जाये। आज के जमाने में गुरुकुल की व्यवस्था फिर से नहीं लाई जा सकती। किन्तु जैसा शिक्षा लेने का अधिकार हैवैसाही शिक्षा देने का भी अधिकार हो। शासन के द्वारा परीक्षा लेने की व्यवस्था हो। चार वर्षों के बादतथा 7 वी और 10 वी के पश्‍चात्ऐसी शासन पुरस्कृतकिन्तु स्वत: में स्वायत्त और स्वतंत्र व्यवस्था हो। प्राथमिकपूर्व माध्यमिक और माध्यमिक शिक्षा के स्तर पर यह व्यवस्था बच्चों की परीक्षा लेगी। और उनके आगे बढने का मार्ग प्रशस्त करेगी। 

राष्ट्र के लिये

बच्चा पाठशाला में जाने लगने के पश्‍चात भी अपने घर का वातावरण संस्कारों के अनुकूल रखने का दायित्व माता-पिता का है। ऐसे प्राप्त संस्कार बच्चों को आयु के अठारह वर्ष पूर्ण होने के बाद उन्हे स्वतंत्रता रहे। मुझे विश्‍वास है कि संस्कारक्षम आयु में प्राप्त संस्कारों के कारण वह सभ्यसच्छीलस्वाभिमानीराष्ट्राभिमानी नागरिक के नाते अपने को प्रस्तुत करेगा। जिस से अपना राष्ट्र भी बडा होगा। आखिर राष्ट्र भी क्या होता हैराष्ट्र यानी लोग ही होते हैं। People are the Nation.और जैसे लोग होंगे वैसाही राष्ट्र होगा। लोगों से ही राष्ट्र बनता है। किसी व्यवस्था से नहीं। 

-मा. गो. वैद्य
दि. 13-10-2014

 

--

M G Vaidya,

09881717809




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Sunday, October 26, 2014

Vijay Hindi Bhashya from M G Vaidya


विजिगीषा का महत्त्व 

विजिगीषा का अर्थ हैविजयकी इच्छाविजय की आकांक्षा यह विजिगीषा मनुष्य जीवन को सार्थक बनाने में अत्यंत आवश्यक है। भगवान श्रीकृष्ण श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता में बताते हैं कि विश्‍व में दो प्रकार के लोग होते हैं। एक दैवीगुण संपदावाले और दुसरे आसुरी गुण संपदावाले। भगवान के शब्द हैं, 'द्वौ भूतसर्गो लोकेस्मिन्दैव आसुर एव च' (अध्याय 16, श्‍लोक 6)। इन दैवी संपदावाले लोगों और आसुरी संपदावाले लोगों में संघर्ष अनिवार्य है। हम संघर्ष टालने का कितना भी प्रयत्न करेंवह आसुरी संपदावालों के हठधर्मिता के कारण असफल हो जाता है। फिर संघर्ष अपरिहार्य होता है। इस संघर्ष में विजय प्राप्त करना नितराम आवश्यक हो जाता है। यह विजय की आकांक्षा ही विजिगीषा है। 

रामायण का उदाहरण

रामायण का उदाहरण लीजिये। रावण सीता का अपहरण करता है। अंगद ने मनायाविभीषण ने मनायाफिर भी रावण मानता नहीं। 'मातृवत् परदारेषुयह अपनी संस्कृति का एक आदर्श है। परस्त्री को माता के समान देखोयह इसका अर्थ है। रावण नहीं मानता। युद्ध अटल हो जाता है। फिर युद्ध से डरना नहीं चाहिये।  प्रभु रामचंद्र को युद्ध करना ही पडता है। और वे इसमें विजय पाते हैं। 

भगवान श्रीकृष्ण

भगवान श्रीकृष्ण के जीवन में भी ऐसाही प्रसंग आता है। कौरव और पाण्डवों में युद्ध होता है। द्यूत में कौरवों की ओर से कुटिलमति शकुनी है। और पाण्डवोंकी ओर से युधिष्ठिर हैं। द्यूत में युधिष्ठिर हार जाते हैं। द्यूत की शर्त के कारण युधिष्ठिर को अपने भाईयों के साथ बारह वर्ष वनवास मेंऔर एक वर्ष अज्ञातवास में रहना पडता है। अज्ञातवास में यदि उन को किसीने पहचाना तो उनको फिरसे 12 वर्षों का वनवास और एक वर्ष का अज्ञातवास भोगना पडेगा। यदि इस शर्त का परिपालन हुआतो कौरव प्रमुख दुर्योधन पाण्डवों का संपूर्ण राज्य उन्हें लौटाएगा। पाण्डव शर्त पूर्ण कर आते हैं। किन्तु दुर्योधन उनका राज्य लौटाने से मुकर जाता है। भगवान श्रीकृष्ण स्वयं मध्यस्थ बनकर आते हैं। और कहते हैं कि पूरा राज्य रहने दोकेवल पाँच गाँव दीजिये। दुर्योधन का उत्तर रहता हैपाँच गाँवों की क्या बात करते होसुई के नोंक पर रह सकेगी इतनी भी जमीन नहीं मिलेगी। 

अब युद्ध अटल हो जाता है। और युद्ध में विजय प्राप्त करना अनिवार्य रहता है। कुरुक्षेत्र के रण में 18 दिनों तक पाण्डवों और कौरवों के बीच घनघोर युद्ध होता है। इतना घनघोर की 18 अक्षौहिणी की विशाल सेना में से केवल दस लोग जीवित बचते हैं। पाण्डवों में सात और कौरवों में तीन. बस्स! 

कौरवों के पक्ष में बडे बडे रणधुरंधर हैं। भीष्माचार्य हैंद्रोणाचार्य हैंमहारथी कर्ण हैं। विजय प्राप्त करने का मतलब होता है,इनको परास्त करना। मतलब होता है इनको मारना। फिर भगवान कृष्ण अपना कौशल दिखाते हैं। वे शत्रुओं की कमजोरी का ध्यान रखते हैं। युद्ध में इसकी बहुत आवश्यकता होती है। विजय पानी है तो दुष्मनों की दुर्बलता जाननी ही पड़ती है। इसलिए भगवान कृष्ण ने भीष्माचार्य के सामने शिखण्डी को खडा किया। भीष्माचार्य की प्रतिज्ञा थी कि जो नर भी नहींनारी भी नहीं,नपुंसक हैउसपर शस्त्र नहीं चलाएंगे। और अर्जुन ने शिखण्डी के पीछे खडे होकर भीष्माचार्य के ऊपर शरवृष्टि की। भीष्माचार्य रथ में गिर गये। कोई कहेगा कि यह पापमार्ग है। नहीं। हमनें नित्य संदर्भ ध्यान में लेना चाहिए। भीष्माचार्य की विजय होती तो राज्य भीष्माचार्य का नहीं होता। वह दुर्योधन का ही होता। उस दुर्योधन का कि जिसको कपट द्यूत से परहेज नहीं थी। अपनी भाभी को भर सभा में विवस्त्र करने की शरम नहीं थी। मतलब हैंभीष्माचार्य जैसे ज्ञानीसत्यप्रतिज्ञ पुरुष व्यक्ति का राज्य नहीं होता। वह दुष्ट दुर्योधन का होता। और भीष्म पितामह उसकी ओर से रणमैदान में खड़े थे। उन को मारना सत्पक्ष की विजय के लिए अवश्यंभावी था। 

अश्‍वत्थामा मृत:

भीष्माचार्य के पश्‍चात द्रोणाचार्य कौरव-सेना के सेनापति बने। वे पाण्डवों के भी गुरु थे। किन्तु दुर्योधन के पक्ष में थे। द्रोणाचार्य भी अत्यंत पराक्रमी थे। किन्तु उन की एक दुर्बलता थी। अपने पुत्र अश्‍वत्थामा पर उनका असीम प्रेम था। उनको परास्त करने के लिए अश्‍वत्थामा को मारना आवश्यक था। भीम ने अपना ही एक बडा हाथीजिसका नाम अश्‍वत्थामा थाउसको मार डाला और द्रोणाचार्य सुन सके इतनी जोर से चिल्लाया कि 'अश्‍वत्थामा हत:'। द्रोणाचार्य ने उसकी बात को नहीं स्वीकारा और अभूतपूर्व पराक्रम प्रकट कर पाण्डवों की सेना की जबरदस्त हानि की। तब ़श्रीकृष्ण की सलाह से कि इस समय 'सत्यात् ज्याय: अनृतं वच:यानी इस समय सत्य से असत्य बोलना श्रेयस्कर हैंयुधिष्ठिर ने 'अश्‍वत्थामा मृत:यह कहा। आगे 'नरो वा कुंजरो वा'यानी 'आदमी या हाथी नहीं जानतायह भी कहा। किन्तु रणवाद्यों की गंभीर आवाज में द्रोणाचार्य उसे नहीं सुन सके। उन्होंने शस्त्र नीचे डाल दिए। और धृष्टद्युम्न ने उनका शिरश्र्छेद किया। 

'क्व ते धर्मस्तदा गत:'

कर्ण के बारे में भी यही बात है। द्रोणाचार्य के पश्‍चात कर्ण कौरव सेना का सेनापति बना। अर्जुन के साथ युद्ध करते समय उसके रथ का एक पहिया जमीन में धस गया। तबरथ से नीचे उतरकर कर्ण अर्जुन से कहता है, 'हे अर्जुन मैं नि:शस्त्र हूँ। और नि:शस्त्रों पर वार करना यह अधर्म है। तू धर्मयुद्ध के नियमों का जानकार है। अत: जरा रुकमैं रथ का पहिया उपर उठाकरतुझसे लडूंगा। मैं ना तुझसे डरता हूँना कृष्ण से।तब सचमुच अर्जुन थम जाता हैतब श्रीकृष्ण कहते हैं, 'इस पर बाण चलाओ। दुष्ट लोग जब संकट में पडते हैंतब उनको धर्म का स्मरण होता है।और कर्ण से सवाल करते हैं कि जब द्रौपदी को भर सभा में विवस्त्र करने का आप लोगों ने प्रयास किया तब तुम्हारा धर्म कहाँ गया था। 'क्व ते धर्मस्तदा गत:'। धर्मयुद्ध का नियम है कि एक व्यक्ति पर अनेकोंने शस्त्राघात नहीं करना चाहिए। तुम अनेकों ने अभिमन्यु को घेर कर उसकी हत्या की। तब 'क्व ते धर्मस्तदा गत:' 'क्व ते धर्मस्तदा गत:', इस वचन से अन्त होनेवालेभगवान श्रीकृष्ण के नौ प्रश्‍न महाभारत के कर्णपर्व में है। तात्पर्य यह है कि विजय पाने हेतु,शत्रु की दुर्बलताओंका भी ध्यान रखना चाहिए। हम भारतीय यह बात भूल गए। अत: पराक्रमी होते हुए भी हमें हार खानी पडी। इसके दो उदाहरण मैं यहां प्रस्तुत करता हूँ। 

पृथ्वीराज और घोरी

पहला उदाहरण पृथ्वीराज चौहाण का है। महम्मद घोरी ने पृथ्वीराज चौहाण के राज्यपर आक्रमण किया। लडाई में घोरी की हार हुई। घोरी पकडा गया। किन्तु घोरी ने गयावया करते ही पृथ्वीराज ने उसे छोड दिया। क्योंउसने गलती से नहींसोच समझ के आक्रमण किया था। उसका दण्ड उसको मिलना आवश्यक था। एैसे ही राजा को 'युक्तदण्डकहते हैं। घोरी मुक्त होने का बाद स्वस्थ नहीं बैठा। उसने फिर से आक्रमण किया। अब बारी पृथ्वीराज के हार की थी। घोरी ने उसे छोडा नहीं। वह अपने राज में पृथ्वीराज को ले गया। मुसलमानों की रीत का अवलंबन कर उसको पहले अन्धा किया। और बाद में उसकी कत्ल की। विजय की परिपाटी पृथ्वीराज भूल गए। भारत में पश्‍चिम से आनेवाली मुसलमानी सत्ता का प्रारंभ हुआ। 

अल्लाउद्दीन खिलजी

दुसरा उदाहरण अल्लाउद्दीन खिलजी का। उसने चित्तौेड पर आक्रमण किया। क्योंकि चित्तौड नरेश की लावण्यवती पत्नी पद्मिनी उसे चाहिये थी। परस्त्री की चाह रखना अपने संस्कृति में महान पाप बताया हैं। किन्तु अल्लाउद्दीन भारत की संस्कृति को माननेवाला नहीं था। उसने पद्मिनी की बेशर्मी से मांग की। जब चित्तोड काबीज करना सम्भव नहीं हुआतो उसने शान्ति का नाटक रचा। कहा कि, 'पद्मिनी नहीं चाहिएउस लावण्यवती को केवल देखना चाहता हूँ।फिर भी राजपूत नहीं माने।  तो अल्लाउद्दीन ने कहा कि केवल आइने में उसे देखूंगा और चला जाऊँगा। राजपूतअल्लाउद्दीन चित्तौड क्यों आया थायही भूल गए। आयने में प्रतिबिम्ब दिखाने से लडाई टल सकती हैऐसा सोचकर उसके लिए कबूल हो गये। अल्लाउद्दीन आया और आयने में पद्मिनी का सौंदर्य देखकर खुश हुआ। इस सब बातचीत में विश्‍वास निर्माण हुआ। और पद्मिनी के पतिदेवमेहमान का आदर करने के लिए अल्लाउद्दीन को उसकी छावनी में छोडने के लिए उसके साथ गये। अल्लाउद्दीन ने वहीं उसे कैद किया और कहा कि पद्मिनी मिलेगी तभी छुटकारा होगा। राजपूत तो इसे माननेवाले नहीं थे। फिर लडाई हुई। बातचीत के दौरानअल्लाउद्दीन के दूतों का किलेपर कई बार आवागमन हुआ। किले के दुर्बल स्थानों को उन्होंने देख लिया। वे किलेपर चढ गए। अपनी सतीत्व की रक्षा के लिए दो हजार राजपूत रमणीयोंने जौहर कर अपने देह अग्नि को समर्पित किए। पद्मिनी अल्लाउद्दीन को नहीं मिलीं। किन्तु चित्तौड उसके कब्जे में आ गया। विजिगीषा होतीतो अल्लाउद्दीन जब स्वयं पद्मिनी के रूप को आयने में देखने आयातब जिंदा नहीं लौटता। 

छत्रपति शिवाजी

यह विजिगीषा छत्रपति शिवाजी महाराज में थी। विजापुर के बादशहा का सेनापती अफजल खाँदरबार में शिवाजी को जिन्दा या मरा पेश करता हूँँइस प्रतिज्ञा के साथ बडी भारी सेना लेकर निकला। शिवाजी के पास सेना छोटी थी। मैदान में अफजलखान कामुकाबला नहीं किया जा सकता था। अफजलखान की नीति थीशिवाजी को कैसे भी करके मैदान में लाना। शिवाजी की नीति थीकि अफजलखान को संकरी घाटी में लाना। शिवाजी को क्रोध के वश में लाने के लिएअफजलखान ने समूचे महाराष्ट्र का अत्यंत पवित्र स्थल पंढरपुर का मंदिर भ्रष्ट किया। फिर भी शिवाजी शान्त ही रहे। फिर शिवाजी की कुलदेवता तुलजा भवानी के मन्दिर को उसने भ्रष्ट किया। फिर भी शिवाजी शान्त। शिवाजी ने भयभीत होने का बहाना धारण किया। मित्रता का हाथ बढाया। और अफजलखान को प्रतापगड की घनी झाडी में आने को प्रोत्साहित किया। दोनों की व्यक्तिगत भेेंट तय हुई। आलिंगन होते ही शिवाजी ने अपने बाघनख उसके पेट में घुसा दिए। कुछ लोग कहते हैं कि पहला वार अफजलखान ने किया और बाद में आत्मरक्षा के लिए शिवाजी ने बाघनख चलाए। यह सहीं नहीं है। मिर्झा राजा जयसिंह को लिखे पत्र में शिवाजी ने स्वयं लिखा है कि अफजलखान के प्रसंग में मैं पहला वार नहीं करता तो यह खत मैं कैसे लिख पाता। इस संपूर्ण प्रकरण में शिवाजी महाराज एक क्षण भी नहीं भूले कि अफजलखान उन्हें जिंदा या मराआदिलशाह के दरबार में हाजिर करने का बीडा उठा कर निकल पडा था। अल्लाउद्दीन के प्रसंगपर यदि चित्तौडगढ पर शिवाजी होते तो अल्लाउद्दीन जिंदा नहीं लौट पाता। 

विजिगीषा की महत्ता

मनुष्य जीवन मेंजब आसुरी गुणोंवालों से मुकाबला होता हैतब विजय ही एकमात्र लक्ष्य होना चाहिए। आसुरी शक्ति को परास्त करना यहीं एकमात्र उद्देश्य होना चाहिए। अन्यथा आसुरी शक्तिवालों से दुनिया की रक्षा असंभव है। आखिर कीर्ति विजयी पुरुष की ही होती है।  महाकवि कालिदास अपने 'रघुवंशमहाकाव्य की प्रस्तावना में लिखते हैं कि मैंकिन गुणोंसे युक्त रघुवंश के राजाओं का वर्णन करने जा रहा हूँ। उनके अनेक गुणों में से ''यथाकालप्रबोधिनाम्'' (उचित समय पर जागनेवाले), 'यथापराधदण्डानाम्' (अपराध के अनुरूप दण्ड देनेवाले) और सबसे महत्त्वपूर्ण है 'यशसे विजिगीषूणाम्' (कीर्ति के लिए विजय की आकांशा रखनेवाले) इन गुणों का भी वर्णन करता है। विजिगीषा की ऐसी महत्ता है। राजपूत अत्यंत पराक्रमशाली थेकिन्तु विजयशाली नहीं बन पाए।

 

-मा. गो. वैद्य

2.10.14.

 

 

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M G Vaidya, 09881717809




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